Dr. Maria Montessori felt, that the goal of early childhood education should not be to fill the child with the facts from pre-selected course of studies, but rather to cultivate the child's own natural desire to learn. In Montessori classroom, this objective is approached in two ways; first by allowing each child to experience the excitement of learning by his or her own choice rather than by force: and second, by helping the child perfect his or her natural skills for learning so that the child's abilities are maximized for future learning. The Montessori materials have this dual, long-range purpose in addition to their immediate purpose of giving specific information to the child.
- Practical Life Exercises:
Through these practical life exercises children
perfect their coordination skills and become absorbed in an activity. They gradually
lengthen their span of concentration. They also learn to pay attention to
details as they follow a regular sequence of actions.
- Sensorial Exercises:
The sensorial materials in the
Montessori classroom help children to distinguish, to categorize, match and relate the
new information to what they already know. Dr. Maria Montessori believed that
this process is the beginning of the conscious knowledge. It is brought about
by the intelligence working in a concentrated way as children apply their senses to learn.
- Language Skills:
The child is exposed first to the sound of the
alphabets, followed by word formation by joining the sounds together. Printing
is initiated by tracing the sand paper letters followed by printing words
freehand. Speaking and listening skills are constantly practiced.
The maths programme is designed to give the child hand
on experience with numbers. Children are introduced to numbers, sequence,
quantity and concepts of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division and on to develop their problem solving skills.
- Science, World
Geography is also covered as a part of the Montessori curriculum in the class.
- Art and Craft/Music:
Art in pre-school environment brings a great joy to the child in creating something on his/her own. The creative music, movement and dramatics programme is an ongoing
flexible process that integrates itself into the academic programme of the
- French is introduced as a second language.